Chronological Table of Sources of Marcus Atilius Regulus

This table is designed as a convenient guide to the primary texts upon which the foregoing study of Marcus Atilius Regulus has been based. Modern critical evaluations, both literary and historiographic, are reserved for the Bibliography.

Standard references have been maintained for the ancient sources. Subsequently, fairly fuller bibliographic descriptions have been provided to facilitate future consultation of works outside the classical collections. The table will have found its ultimate justification in its serviceability for further study of the Roman heroic exempla.

Author

Date

Reference

Polybius

Probably wrote Bk. I before 146 B.C.E.

i. 25-35.

Tuditanus

Consul 129 B.C.E.

See Gellius NA vii. 4. 1-4.

Tubero

Younger Contemporary of Cicero (46 B.C.E.).

See Gellius NA vii. 3. 1, 4. 2.

Cicero

Died 43 B.C.E.

Sest. 127.

   

Pis. 43.

   

Parad. ii. 16.

   

Nat. D. iii. 80, 82.

   

Fin. ii. 65; v. 82-83, 88.

   

Sen. 20.

   

Tuscul. V. 5. 14-16.

   

Att. xvi. 11. 4.

   

Off. i. 39; iii. 99-100, 108-111.

   

Phil. xi. 4.

Diodorus Siculus

Contemporary of Julius Caesar.

xxiii. 12-16; xxiv. 12. See Tzetzes Chil. iii. Lines 356-386.

Horace

Died 8 B.C.E.

Carm. i. 12; iii. 5.

Livy

Died 17 C.E.

xxviii. 41. 17-18; xxix. 28. 5; xxx. 30. 23; Per. xvii-xviii.

Trogus

Contemporary of Livy.

See Justinius.

Festus

Unknown, after 14 C.E.

De verb. sign. 12.

Seneca Rhetor

Wrote during the period 34-41 C.E.

Contr. v. 7

Valerius Maximus

Wrote during the reign of Tiberius.

i. 1. 14; 8. ext. 19; ii. 9. 8; iv. 4. 6; ix. 2. ext. 1; 6. ext. 1.

Seneca the Younger

Died 65 C.E.

Ben. v. 3

   

Dial. i. 3. 4, 9-11; ix. 16. 4; xii. 12. 5.

   

Ep. Mor. lxiii. 7; lxvii. 1-12; xcviii. 12.

Columella

Contemporary of Seneca the Younger.

Re Rust. i. 4. 2.

Pliny the Elder

Died 79 C.E.

Hist. Nat. xviii. 27.

Quintilian

Died about 100 C.E.

Inst. Orat. xii. 30.

Silius Italicus

Died about 101.

Pun. vi. lines 62-555

Frontius

Died about 104.

Strateg. ii. 10; iv. 3. 3.

Plutarch

Died after 120.

Mor. iv. Par. Graec. et Rom. 311C; xi. De Herod. Malig. 847 A.

Pomponius

Died after 121.

See Digesta.

Florus

Wrote during the reign of Hadrian.

Epit. 1. 20. 1; ii. 17-25.

Appian

Wrote about 160.

Lib. iii; Sic. ii.

Apuleius

Wrote during the period 155-161.

Apol. 18.

Polyaenus

Wrote about 161.

Strateg. viii. 12.

Gellius

Wrote during the reign of M. Aurelius.

NA vii. 3. 1; 4. 1-4.

Cassius Dio

Died about 235.

Frag. xi. ed. Henderson. (Cambridge, Mass. 2001).

Minucius Felix

Lived about 270.

Octavius xxvi. 91. PL III. col. 334.

Justinus

Lived in the 3rd Cent.

Epit. xli. 13. 3.

Tertullian

Died about 240.

Ad Nat. ii. 584ff. PL I. cols. 655ff.

   

Adv. Gent. 532ff. PL I. cols. 600ff.

   

Ad Mart. 625 ff. PL I. cols. 699 ff.

Cyprian

Died 258.

Idol. Vanit. 572. PL IV. col. 592.

Arnobius

Died about 320.

Adv. Gent. Vii. 43. PL V. col. 1281.

Lactantius

Died about 325.

Inst. Div. v. 12. PL VI. col. 592

[Aurelius Victor]

4th Cent.

Vir. Ill. 40.

Eutropius

Wrote about 364.

Breviarium ii. 17, 21, 25. MGH-AA II.

Paeanius

Lived about 380.

Metaphrasis Graeca Eutropii B. 21-24. MGH-AA II.

Ambrose

Died 397.

Ep. xviii. PL XVI. col. 1014.

Claudian

Died about 404.

Cons. Hon. lines 398-418.

   

Bel. Gild. i. lines 70-79.

   

Cons. Stil. i. lines 380-385.

Orosius

Wrote about 417-418.

Hist. Adv. Pag. iv. 8-10.

Augustine

Died 430.

De Civ. D. i. 15, 24; ii. 23; iii. 18; v. 18. PL XLI. cols. 28ff.

   

Contra Jul. 17, 26. PL XLV. cols. 745ff.

   

Ep. cxxv. PL XXXIII. col. 475.

Dracontius

Died about 450.

De Deo iii. lines 408-426 MGH-AA XIV.

Vegetius

Lived in the period 383-450.

Epit. Re Milit. iii. praef.

Boethius

Died 524.

Consol. ii. prosa 6.

Capito

Died about 527.

Versio Graeca Eutropii ii. 24. MGH-AA II.

Justinian

Published 533.

Dig. xlix. 15. 5.

Jordanes

Wrote about 551.

Romana. i. 20-21, MGH-AA V.

Johannes Antiochenus

Died about 649.

Transmission of Capito’s Eutropius.

Johannes Damascenus

Died about 756.

De Draconibus. PG XCIV. col. 1600-1601. (an excerpt from Dio xi.)

Paulus Diaconus

Wrote about 770.

Historia Miscella. MGH-AA II, 40-44.

Freculphus

Died about 880.

Chronicon i. 5. 2. PL CVI. cols. 1034-1035.

[Suidas]

Published about 976.

Lexicon s.v. ‘Ρήγουλος (1) LG I, iv. 290-291. (2) Excerpta Planudea 43. MGH-AA II, 45.

Aimoinus

Died 1008.

Vita Theodorici Regis i. 10. lines 25-39. MGH-SS Merov. II, 211.

Landolfus Sagax

Died about 1026.

Historia Miscella MGH-AA II, 240-242.

Ekkehardus Uraugiensis

Wrote about 1125.

Chronicon Universale. PL CLIV. cols. 610-611.

Zonaras

Died about 1130.

Epit. Dionis viii. 12-15. See Dio Cassius.

Guillaume de Conches [Hildebert of Tours]

Died 1154.

Moralis Philosophia i. 33. PL CLXXI. col. 1032.

Otto of Freising

Died 1158.

Chronica. MGH-SGUS XXV, 106-108.

John of Salisbury

Died 1180.

Policraticus vii. 557b. (Oxford, 1909), I, 313.

Johannes Tzetzes

Died about 1180.

Chil. iii. lines 356-374 ed. Kiessling (Leipzig, 1826). See Diodorus xxiii. Ed. Walton (Cambridge, Mass. 1957) XI, 108-110).

[Anon.]

Wrote about 1250.

Cronica Minor. MGH-SGUS XXIV, 526-527.

Vincent of Beauvais

Died 1264.

Speculum Historiale v. 35-36. reprint of Duaci, 1624 edition, 147.

Jacobus de Cessolis

Wrote about 1290.

Liber de Moribus Hominum et de Officiis Nobilium 2. 5. (Brandenburg, 1879).

[Matthew of Westminster]

Wrote about 1306.

Flores Historiarum I. xv. xliii. Rolls Series No. 95, I, 52-53.

Dante Alighieri

Died 1321.

Convivio iv. 5. 14. Opere di Dante, ed. Busnelli e Vandelli (Firenze, 1964) II, 2.

[Anon.]

Written about 1325?

Gesta Romanorum, 268, app. 72, 668-669.

Tolomeo da Lucca

Died about 1327.

Determinatio Compendiosa de Iurisdictione Imperii 21. (Hanover, 1909).

Engelbert of Admont

Died 1331.

Speculum Virtutum vi. 4, 7. Bibliotheca Ascetica (Ratisbonae, 1724), III.

Ranulph Higden

Died 1364.

Polychronicon. Rolls Series No. 41, IV, 40-44.

Francesco Petrarca

Died 1374.

De Officiis et Virtutibus Imperatoris, in Onosandri De Re Militari Commentariis (Noribergae, 1595), 136.

   

De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae i. dial. 21; ii. dial. 25. (Budae: Landerer, 1756).

   

Africa iii. lines 534, 626; vi. line 636; vii. line 318. ed. N. Festa (Firenze, 1926).

   

Epistolae Familiares iii. 10. 12; vi. 3. 40, 52; vii. 3. 7; x. i. 16; xi. 16. 22; xiii. 4. 12; xvi. 1. 1-2; 3. 3; xxii. 14. 57; xxiv. 8. 4. (Firenze, 1964)

Giovanni Boccaccio

Died 1375.

De Casibus Illustrium Vivorum v. (Parrhisiis, [1520?]), foll. xlviii-xlix.

Thomas Hoccleve

Wrote 1412.

Regement of Princes. Sec. 2. lines 2246-2296. EETS Extra Series 72.

Laurent de Premierfait

Died 1418.

Les Cas des nobles hommes et femmes. Morgan Library MS 342-343 (ca. 1475), II, foll. 4-7. This paraphrase of Boccaccio’s De Casibus was composed about 1409.

John Lydgate

Died about 1451.

Fall of Princes v. lines 424-804. EETS 122.

Roberto Valturio

Wrote at end of 15th cent.

De Re Militari ii; iii; v; vi (Paris, 1535). The first edition appeared in 1472 at Verona.

Jaun Luis Vives

Died 1540.

De Causis Corruptarum Artium vi. 2 in Opera Omnia (London, Gregg, 1964 reprint), VI.

Jehan de Beaubrueil

Published 1582.

Regulus, Tragedie… (Limones, 1582).

Michel E. de Montaigne

Died 1592.

Essais i. 52; ii. 3; iii.6. (Paris, Garnier, 1962).

[Jean Desmarts de Saint Sorlin]

Published 1671.

Regulus ou le vray genereus. Poeme heroique dedie a M. de Bartillat. (Paris, L. Rondet, 1671).

John Milton

Published 1671.

Paradise Regained ii. Lines 431-449. (New York, 2006).

Jacques Pradon

Published 1688.

Régulus, Tragedie, in Les Oeuvres de M. Pradon. (Paris, 1744).

John Crowne

Published 1692.

Regulus. in The Dramatic Works (New York, 1967).

Jacques Pradon

Performed 1711.

L’Attilio Regolo. Trans. G. Gigli. Tragedia del franzese rappresentata in Roma…nel Carnavale del 1711. (Sienna, 1711).

[?]

Performed 1719.

M. Attilio Regolo. Drama per musica da rapresentari…nel Carnovale dell’ anno 1719. (Roma, 1719).

Pietro Metastasio

Published 1740.

Attilio Regolo, in Opere di Pietro Metastasio. (Venezia, 1823)

William Havard

Published 1744.

Regulus. A Tragedy. (London, 1744).

[?]

Published about 1760.

Tragedia. Atilio Regulo. En dos actos … (Barcelona, [1760?])

Claude J. Dorat

Published 1766.

Régulus. Tragedie en trois acted et en vers. (Paris, 1766).

 

Published 1767.

Regulus. Ein Trauerspiel in drei Aufzügen und in prosa. Trans. Frederick Augustus, Prince of Brunswick-Oels. (Postdam, 1767).

Hannah More

Published 1774.

The Inflexible Captive. A Tragedy in The Complete Works of Hannah More, v. 1 (New York, 2006).

Heinrich J. von Collin

Published 1802.

Regulus. Ein Tragödie in fünf Aufzügen. Aachen, 1813.

Lucien E. Arnault

Published 1822.

Regulus. (Paris, 1822).

Joseph Lunn

Published 1823.

Amor Patriae. A Dramatic Poem. (London, 1823).

Jacob Jones

Published 1841.

Regulus. (London, 1841).

David Burns

Published 1842.

Regulus. A Tragedy in Plays and Fugitive Pieces (Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land; S.A. Tegg, 1842), I.

James Baldwin

Published 1896.

Fifty Stories Retold. (New York, 1896)

Russell S. Dynda

Published 1999.

Regulus. (Culver City, CA, 1999).

Robin Hobb

Published 2010.

The Triumph” Warriors. (New York, 2010)

Warriors

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